Mechanism and Stem-Cell Activity of 5-Carboxycytosine Decarboxylation Determined by Isotope Tracing
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2012, 51, 6516-6520 published on 29.05.2012
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
Eraserhead: Stem cells seem to erase epigenetic information by decarboxylation of the newly discovered epigenetic base 5-carboxycytosine (caC; see picture). This reaction is likely to involve a nucleophilic attack of the C5-C6 double bond.